Among the legendary code talkers of World War II were members from three Wisconsin tribes - the Ho-Chunk Nation , the Oneida Tribe and the Menominee Nation. Wisconsin tribal veterans have fought in every major American war dating back to the Civil War. Tribal code talkers, mostly Choctaw, were first used in World War I. Their contributions were significant and Adolf Hitler, a WWI veteran, was very aware of this. He made every effort to organize a team to decipher the various native languages that could be used in war. Americans countered by assigning most code talkers to the war in the pacific and by deploying a wider array of tribal languages. (Among Commanche code talkers deployed in Europe, the code word for Adolf Hitler was "Crazy White Man.") The code talkers were a top secret operation and veteran code talkers, sworn to secrecy, spoke little of their service. In recent years they were honored by the U S mint issued gold medals and various ceremonies, national and local, have been held in their memory. The Ho-Chunk Nation code talkers were Bill Whitebear, Howard Littlejohn, Bill Mike, Jesse Mike, Clifford Blackdeer, Emanuel Thundercloud and Benjamin Winneshiek. Menominee code talkers were Dan Waupoose, John C. O’Katchekum, Mose Wausakokamick, Dave Mathapotow and William Matchapatow. Oneida code talkers were Rimton Doxtator, Hudson Doxtator, Lloyd Schuyler and Rupert Adams. They are all deceased.
Most took their stories to the grave.